Impact of different dietary approaches on blood pressure in hypertensive and prehypertensive patients

Untertitel:protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Autoren:Schwingshackl, Lukas (Deutsches Institut für Ernährungsforschung Potsdam-Rehbrücke (DIfE)); Chaimani, Anna (University of Ioannina); Hoffmann, Georg; Schwedhelm, Carolina (Deutsches Institut für Ernährungsforschung Potsdam-Rehbrücke (DIfE)); Boeing, Heiner (Deutsches Institut für Ernährungsforschung Potsdam-Rehbrücke (DIfE))

INTRODUCTION: Lifestyle modification is one of the cornerstones in the management of hypertension. According to the most recent guidelines by the American Heart Association, all patients with hypertension should adopt the following dietary advices: increased consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products and sodium reduction. The aim of the present study is to assess the efficacy of different dietary approaches on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with hypertension and high normal blood pressure in a systematic review including a pairwise and network meta-analysis of randomised trials.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We conducted searches in Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in the Cochrane Library, PubMed and Google Scholar until November 2016. Citations, abstracts and relevant papers were screened for eligibility by two reviewers independently. Randomised trials were included if they met the following criteria: (1) hypertension (as mean values ≥140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure and/or ≥90 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure) or high normal blood pressure (mean systolic blood pressure ≥130 mm Hg and/or mean diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mm Hg), (2) age ≥18 years, (3) intervention diets (different type of dietary approaches, eg, dietary approach to stop hypertension diet; Mediterranean diet, vegetarian diet, palaeolithic diet, low sodium diet) either hypocaloric, isocaloric or ad libitum diets, (4) intervention period ≥12 weeks. For each outcome measure of interest, random effects pairwise and network meta-analyses were performed in order to determine the pooled relative effect of each intervention relative to every other intervention in terms of the postintervention values (or change scores). Subgroup analyses were planned for hypertensive status, study length, sample size, age and sex.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: As this study is based solely on the published literature, no ethics approval was required. We published our network meta-analysis in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.


Journaltitel:BMJ Open
Peer reviewed:true
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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