[18F]FE@SUPPY and [18F]FE@SUPPY:2 - metabolic considerations

Autoren:Häusler, Daniela (Medizinische Universität Wien); Nics, Lukas (Medizinische Universität Wien); Mien, Leonhard-Key (Medizinische Universität Wien); Ungersböck, Johanna (Medizinische Universität Wien); Lanzenberger, Rupert (Medizinische Universität Wien); Shanab, Karem; Sindelar, Karoline Maria (Medizinische Universität Wien); Viernstein, Helmut; Wagner, Karl-Heinz; Dudczak, Robert (Medizinische Universität Wien); Kletter, Kurt (Medizinische Universität Wien); Wadsak, Wolfgang (Medizinische Universität Wien); Mitterhauser, Markus (Medizinische Universität Wien)
Abstrakt:Introduction: Recently, [18F]FE@SUPPY and [18F]FE@SUPPY:2 were introduced as the first positron emission tomography (PET) tracers for the adenosine A3 receptor. Thus, aim of the present study was the metabolic characterization of the two adenosine A3 receptor PET tracers. Methods: In vitro carboxylesterase (CES) experiments were conducted using incubation mixtures containing different concentrations of the two substrates, porcine CES and phosphate-buffered saline. Enzymatic reactions were stopped by adding acetonitrile/methanol (10:1) after various time points and analyzed by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) standard protocol. In vivo experiments were conducted in male wild-type rats; tracers were injected through a tail vein. Rats were sacrificed after various time points (n=3), and blood and brain samples were collected. Sample cleanup was performed by an HPLC standard protocol. Results: The rate of enzymatic hydrolysis by CES demonstrated Michaelis-Menten constants in a micromolar range (FE@SUPPY, 20.15 ?M, and FE@SUPPY:2, 13.11 ?M) and limiting velocities of 0.035 and 0.015 ?M/min for FE@SUPPY and FE@SUPPY:2, respectively. Degree of metabolism in blood showed the following: 15 min pi 47.7% of [18F]FE@SUPPY was intact compared to 33.1% of [18F]FE@SUPPY:2; 30 min pi 30.3% intact [18F]FE@SUPPY was found compared to 15.6% [18F]FE@SUPPY:2. In brain, [18F]FE@SUPPY:2 formed an early hydrophilic metabolite, whereas metabolism of [18F]FE@SUPPY was not observed before 30 min pi. Conclusion: Knowing that metabolism in rats is several times faster than in human, we conclude that [18F]FE@SUPPY should be stable for the typical time span of a clinical investigation. As a consequence, from a metabolic point of view, one would tend to decide in favor of [18F]FE@SUPPY.
Anzahl der Seiten:6
Journaltitel:Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Peer reviewed:true
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2010.01.001