Hops (Humulus lupulus) Content in Beer Modulates Effects of Beer on the Liver After Acute Ingestion in Female Mice

Autoren:Landmann, Marianne (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena); Sellmann, Cathrin (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena); Engstler, Anna Janina (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena); Ziegenhardt, Doreen (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena); Jung, Finn (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena); Brombach, Christine (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena); Bergheim, Ina (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena)

AIM: Using a binge-drinking mouse model, we aimed to determine whether hops (Humulus lupulus) in beer is involved in the less damaging effects of acute beer consumption on the liver in comparison with ethanol.

METHODS: Female C57BL/6 J mice were either fed one iso-alcoholic and iso-caloric bolus dose of ethanol, beer, beer without hops (6 g ethanol/kg body weight) or an iso-caloric bolus of maltodextrin control solution. Markers of steatosis, intestinal barrier function, activation of toll-like receptor 4 signaling cascades, lipid peroxidation and lipogenesis were determined in liver, small intestine and plasma 2 h and 12 h after acute alcohol ingestion.

RESULTS: Alcohol-induced hepatic fat accumulation was significantly attenuated in mice fed beer whereas in those fed beer without hops, hepatic fat accumulation was similar to that found in ethanol-fed mice. While markers of intestinal barrier function e.g. portal endotoxin levels and lipogenesis only differed slightly between groups, hepatic concentrations of myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and plasminogen-activator inhibitor 1 protein as well as of 4-hydroxynonenal and 3-nitrotyrosine protein adducts were similarly elevated in livers of mice fed ethanol or beer without hops when compared with controls. Induction of these markers was markedly attenuated in mice fed hops-containing beer.

CONCLUSION: Taken together, our data suggest that hops in beer markedly attenuated acute alcohol-induced liver steatosis in female mice through mechanisms involving a suppression of iNOS induction in the liver.

Anzahl der Seiten:8
Journaltitel:Alcohol & Alcoholism
Peer reviewed:true
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agw060