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Research Synthesis

Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, Meta-Regression

Systematic reviews can be described as a comprehensive summary of all relevant high quality research evidence dealing with a specific topic.
In all fields of health sciences including nutritional sciences, systematic reviews have become an important tool for the evaluation of intervention trials and the transfer of the results into evidence-based science/medicine.

A key element in systematic reviews is the statistical synthesis of individual data records of each study, the meta-analysis. A meta-analysis should provide a transparent, objective, and reproducible framework for each systematic review.

Our major interest focuses on the question of an optimal macronutrient distribution in our daily nutrition. This will not only affect the onset and development of nutrition-related non-communicable diseases such as diabetes or cardiovascular disorders (secondary prevention), but will have a strong impact on weight management and the primary prevention of overweight and obesity as well.

By using the techniques of meta-analyses and systematic reviews, we have started to investigate the effects of variations in macronutrient composition in diets aimed at regulation of body weight and/or primary and secondary prevention of diseases associated with malnutrition. Specific questions addressed within this context relate to low-fat versus high-fat, low-carb versus high-carb or low-protein versus high-protein dietary protocols.

 

Research Topics:

  • Macronutrients
  • Fatty Acids
  • Lifestyle
  • Exercise Training
  • Inflammation
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 Diabetes mellitus
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Cancer
Department für Ernährungswissenschaften
Universität Wien

Althanstraße 14 (UZA II)
A-1090 Wien
T: +43-1-4277-549 01
F: +43-1-4277-95 49
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