Odor identification and recognition thresholds to the 4 basic tastes in Austrian elderly

Dorota Majchrzak

The aging is correlated with decreased ability in all sense modalities. The aim of the present study was to assess the odor identification ability and recognition thresholds to the 4 basic tastes in Austrian elderly. The investigated collective consisted of 151 individuals aged 55-95 years. The subjects were divided into four age groups (55-64, 65-74, 75-84, >84 years) and due to their way of living (residents of a nursing home, people living in private households and participants of a SELBA-training program for independency in later life). As a control group 49 subjects aged 22-40 years were examined. The sense of smell was measured with screening 12 Sniffin’ Sticks test (Burghart) and the sense of taste was evaluated by recognition test for the 4 basic tastes according to DIN-standard 10961. The obtained results show a reduction of smell and taste perception with aging. There was a significant difference (p84-years differed significantly (p

Department für Ernährungswissenschaften
ÖFOS 2012
305 Andere Humanmedizin, Gesundheitswissenschaften
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