School food environment

Autor(en)
Benjamin Missbach, Caterina Pachschwöll, Daniel Kuchling, Jürgen König
Abstrakt

Food marketing for children is a major concern for public health nutrition and many schools make efforts to increase healthy eating. Food environments surrounding schools in urban areas may undermine these efforts for healthy nutrition within school programs. Our study aim is to describe the nutrition environment within walking distance of schools in terms of food quality and food marketing and to explore the degree to which elements of the nutrition environment varies by proximity to schools. In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed the surrounding food environments of a convenience sample of 46 target schools within 950m walking distance in 7 different urban districts across Vienna, Austria. In total, we analyzed data from 67 fast food outlets and 54 supermarkets analyzing a total of 43.129 packaged snack food and beverage products, from which 85% were for adults and 15% of the products were child-oriented. Proximity to the schools did not affect the availability of child-oriented products and dedicated food advertisements for children. After applying nutrient profiling using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM) on child-oriented products, results showed that 15.8% of the packaged snack food were categorized as “healthy” foods and 84.2% as “less healthy”; for beverages 65.7% were categorized as “healthy” and 34.3% as “less healthy”. In conclusion, our results show that child-oriented snacks are not more frequently advertised around schools but substantially lack in nutritional quality with the potential to undermine efforts for promoting healthy eating practices within schools.

Organisation(en)
Department für Ernährungswissenschaften, Institut für Lehrer*innenbildung
Externe Organisation(en)
Universität Wien
Journal
Preventive Medicine Reports
Band
6
Seiten
307-313
Anzahl der Seiten
7
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.03.021
Publikationsdatum
06-2017
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
303009 Ernährungswissenschaften
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Health Informatics, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/school-food-environment(6ac621b3-2f3c-44a6-971a-0a8a918f4856).html