Study Protocol of "Sustainably Healthy-From Science 2 Highschool & University"-Prevalence of Mixed, Vegetarian, and Vegan Diets Linked to Sports & Exercise among Austrian Tertiary Students and Lecturers/Academic Staff

Katharina C. Wirnitzer, Mohamad Motevalli, Derrick R. Tanous, Gerold Wirnitzer, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Armando Cocca, Manuel Schaetzer, Werner Kirschner, Clemens Drenowatz, Gerhard Ruedl

Healthy lifestyle is the major indicator of individual and public health especially in target populations (e.g., during emerging adulthood). Evidence indicates that unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are strongly associated with the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases. The dual approach of sustainable health (i.e., physical exercise tied to a healthy diet) is an effective lifestyle strategy to control and manage health-related disorders, including overweight/obesity. Based on the evidence on plant-based diets regarding health and considering the growing prevalence of vegans and vegetarians worldwide, limited data exist on the health-related behaviors of those who follow plant-based vs. mixed diets in young adulthood. This multidisciplinary study is the first to examine the association between diet type (mixed, vegetarian, and vegan diets) and various health-related behaviors (primarily physical activity, sport, & exercise) among college/university students and lecturers/academic staff in Austria nationwide. Following a cross-sectional study design and using online questionnaires, 4510 tertiary students and 1043 lecturers/academic staff provided data on sociodemographic characteristics, dietary patterns, physical exercise habits, and other lifestyle behaviors (sleep, alcohol intake, smoking, etc.) along with information on health status and quality of life. While the data will be analyzed based on differentiated sociodemographic and health-related categories, the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on lifestyle behaviors will also be evaluated. As a study protocol, this article represents comprehensive details of the design, purposes, and associated analytical measures of the present study within the tertiary educational context.

Forschungsplattform Active Ageing, Department für Ernährungswissenschaften
Externe Organisation(en)
Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol, Medizinische Universität Innsbruck, AdventureV & Change2V, SIPCAN - Initiative für ein gesundes Leben, Pädagogische Hochschule Oberösterreich
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anzahl der Seiten
ÖFOS 2012
303009 Ernährungswissenschaften
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Pollution, Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Sustainable Development Goals
SDG 3 – Gesundheit und Wohlergehen
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